Horticulture includes the science, technology, and business involved in plant cultivation. It is also practiced in landscaping and land care. Diverse in activities, horticulture incorporates plants for food and non-food plant life. Horticulture also includes services in plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design as well as construction, and maintenance, and in horticultural therapy. This range of food, medicinal, environmental, and social products and services are all fundamental to developing and maintaining human health and well-being
Horticulturists apply their knowledge, skills, and technologies in landscaping and to grow intensively produced plants for non-food uses and for personal or social needs. Horticulturist work involves plant propagation and cultivation with the aim of improving plant growth, yields, quality, value, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses. They work as gardeners, growers, therapists, designers, and technical advisors in the landscaping sectors of horticulture.
Horticultural scientists focus on the research that underpins horticultural knowledge, skills, technologies, education, and commerce. Horticultural science encompasses all of the pure sciences – mathematics, physics, chemistry, geology, and biology – as well as related sciences and technologies that underpin horticulture, such as plant pathology, soil science, entomology, weed science, and many other scientific disciplines. It also includes the social sciences, such as education, commerce, marketing, healthcare and therapies that enhance horticulture’s contribution to society.